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Year 2017
Dr. Chi-man KWONG (ed), War and Geopolitics in Interwar Manchuria: Zhang Zuolin Clique during the Northern Expedition (Leiden: Brill, 2017). 327 pages.
Using primary and secondary sources from China, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, this work revisits the wars during the period from international, political, military, and economic-financial perspectives. It sheds new light on Zhang Zuolin’s decision to fight against the Nationalists and the Communists and offers an alternative explanation to the Nationalists (temporary) victory by revealing the central importance of geopolitics in the civil wars in China during the interwar period.